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Article # 3102
Journal Rhinology 61 - 4
Article Title Efficacy and safety of switching between biologics in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps or N-ERD*
Abstract Background and objective: The effectiveness of biologics in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) is well-established. However, real-world experience on the effectiveness of transitioning between two monoclonal antibodies is scarce. Therefore, we aimed to analyze the safety and efficacy of antibody switching in treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis.
Methods: All patients with CRSwNP or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs-exacerbated respiratory disease (N-ERD) requiring a switch between biologics were retrospectively studied. Analysis included changes in polyp size, quality of life parameters, asthma control, and side effects.
Results: Out of 195 patients treated with biologics for CRSwNP or N-ERD in our center, 23 (11.8%) required transition to a different monoclonal antibody. The majority switched from omalizumab to dupilumab (17/23, 73.9%), mostly due to inadequate symptom control. Nine out of these 17 patients (52.9%) were switched without a washout period. All patients showed significant improvement in nasal polyp score, asthma control test and sino-nasal outcome test-22 after changing to dupilumab. Keratoconjunctivitis sicca was the side-effect (4.3%) reported after the switch from omalizumab to dupilumab, which lead to termination of therapy in one patient. Due to limited sample size, other antibody transitions were reported in a descriptive manner.
Conclusion: The transition to dupilumab is an effective option in patients with inadequate treatment response or side-effects of omalizumab in nasal polyposis. Our preliminary results indicate that a wash-out period may not be necessary when switching between biologics, however, these findings require further investigations. Other monoclonal antibody transitions also show promising results, but warrant validations in larger cohorts due to small patient samples in our study.
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