Article # 2233
Journal Rhinology -
Article Title Validity of systemic antibiotics and systemic corticosteroid usage for chronic rhinosinusitis as metrics of disease burden
Abstract BACKGROUND: The frequencies of systemic antibiotics and oral corticosteroids taken for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) indicate poor CRS disease control. We sought to determine the validity and responsiveness of these metrics as reflections of CRS disease burden.
METHODOLOGY: One hundred and eighty-seven patients undergoing medical management for CRS were recruited. Participants were assessed at two time points: enrollment and a follow-up appointment three to nine months later. At each time point, CRS related antibiotic and oral corticosteroid usage in the previous three months was measured, while general and disease-specific quality of life (QOL) was measured using the visual analog scale of the 5-dimension EuroQol questionnaire (EQ-5D VAS) and the 22-item Sinonasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22), respectively.
RESULTS: The frequency of CRS-related antibiotics and oral corticosteroids use was cross-sectionally correlated with EQ-5D VAS and SNOT-22 at the corresponding time points. For participants reporting usage of these medications at enrollment, there was a decrease of 1 course per 3 months for both CRS-related antibiotics and oral corticosteroids. Change in CRS-related antibiotics from enrollment to follow-up was correlated with change in both EQ-5D and SNOT-22 over the same timeframe. The change in CRSrelated oral corticosteroids was correlated with change in both EQ-5D VAS and SNOT-22). These correlations were stronger in the subset of patients who had a change in these metrics over the study period.
CONCLUSIONS: The frequencies of CRS-related antibiotic use and oral corticosteroid use are valid and responsive measures of CRS disease burden.
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