Article # 1815
Journal Rhinology 56 - 4
Article Title TSLP regulates eotaxin-1 production by nasal epithelial cells from patients with eosinophilic CRSwNP
Abstract BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (eCRSwNP) is characterized by Th2-skewed inflammation with eosinophilic infiltration. Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) promotes the development of allergic inflammation. Although increased TSLP is found in eCRSwNP, little is known about whether TSLP regulates eotaxin-1 production, a potent eosinophil chemoattractant that recruits and activates eosinophils.
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects and mechanisms of TSLP in eotaxin-1 production in the eosinophilic inflammation of eCRSwNP.
METHODS: Human nasal epithelial cells (HNECs) from eCRSwNP patients were stimulated with recombinant human TSLP in the presence or absence of CYT387 (Janus kinase 1/2 inhibitor). Phosphorylated signal transducer activator of transcription 3 (p-STAT3) was measured by using immunocytochemistry. Eotaxin-1 expression was determined by using real-time PCR. Western blotting was used to detect the levels of p-STAT3 and eotaxin-1 protein.
RESULTS: The treatment with TSLP induced STAT3 phosphorylation in HNECs, and promoted p-STAT3 nuclear translocation, leading to a time-dependent increase of eotaxin-1 expression. However, these effects were attenuated by CYT387 pretreatment.
CONCLUSION: TSLP regulated eotaxin-1 production in HNECs via JAK1/2-STAT3 signaling, which might contribute to the eosinophilic inflammation of eCRSwNP.
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