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TRIM27 expression is associated with poor prognosis in sinonasal mucosal melanoma

Volume: 61 - Issue: 3

First page: 263 - Last page: 271

S. Kimura - M. Suzuki - Y. Nakamaru - S. Kano - M. Watanabe - A. Honma - A. Nakazono - N. Tsushima - S. Hatakeyama - A. Homma

BACKGROUND: Tripartite motif-containing 27 (TRIM27) has been implicated in the progression of various cancers. However, the role of TRIM27 in sinonasal mucosal melanoma (SNMM) remains poorly understood.
MATERIALS & METHODS: We retrospectively examined 28 patients with SNMM treated with between 2003 and 2021. We undertook immunohistochemical analysis of TRIM27, Ki-67, and p-Akt1 expression in SNMM tissues. We also investigated the relationship between TRIM27 expression and clinical characteristics, prognosis, Ki-67 as a tumor growth potential marker, and p-Akt1 as one of the prognostic factors in mucosal melanoma.
RESULTS: TRIM27 expression was significantly higher in T4 disease than in T3 disease and was higher in stage IV than in stage III. Patients with high-TRIM27 SNMM had a significantly poorer prognosis in terms of overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival.There was also a significantly higher rate of distant metastasis. Univariate analysis for OS revealed that TRIM27 and T classification were significant poor prognostic factors. In addition, the Ki-67 positive score and the p-Akt1 total staining score were significantly higher in the high-TRIM27 group than in the low-TRIM27 group.
CONCLUSIONS: High TRIM27 expression in SNMM was associated with advanced T classification, poor prognosis and distant metastasis. We suggest that TRIM27 has potential as a novel biomarker for prognosis in SNMM.

Rhinology 61-3: 263-271, 2023

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