Volume: 61 - Issue: 1
First page: 77 - Last page: 84
X. Cao - C. Wang - Z.C. Lin - X. Lyu
Background: Radiation-induced cancer (RIC) is a late complication in patients who have been treated for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). The comparison of index anatomic location, index histological type, and survival of RIC in patients with NPC after different radiotherapy modalities (intensity-modulated radiotherapy [IMRT], 3-dimensional conformal radiotherapy [3D-CRT], and conventional 2D radiotherapy) is currently unavailable.
Methodology: A total of 38,565 patients with NPC who received curative-intent radiotherapy at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between January 1986 and December 2017 were reviewed. A total of 141 patients who developed RIC and fulfilled the study criteria were included. Categorical variables were compared by the χ2 test or Fisher’s exact test. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to evaluate overall survival. Cox proportional hazards models were used to examine the independent significance of RIC treatment.
Results: Among IMRT, 3D-CRT, and conventional 2D radiotherapy, the incidence of mandible RIC was higher in patients who received 3D-CRT (0.07%) than in those who received IMRT (0%). The proportion of mandible RICs was higher in patients who received 3D-CRT (16.667%) than in those who received IMRT (0%) and conventional 2D radiotherapy (3.529%). Regarding the histological type, the incidence of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) was higher in patients who received conventional 2D radiotherapy (0.266%) than in those who received 3D-CRT (0.175%); patients who received IMRT had a higher proportion of SCC than those who received 3D-CRT/conventional 2D radiotherapy (86.4% vs. 41.7% vs. 74.2%); the incidence of sarcoma was higher in patients who received 3D-CRT (0.175%) than in those who received IMRT (0.025%); and the proportion of sarcoma was higher in patients who received 3D-CRT (41.667%) than in those who received IMRT (6.818%) and conventional 2D radiotherapy (17.647%). Patients who received surgery for RICs had better survival than those who received no surgery (64.49 vs. 12.42 months). In the univariate and multivariate analyses, surgery was an independent prognostic factor for overall survival.
Conclusions: Our results have implications for long-term follow-up of RIC, multidisciplinary management, and patient counseling of RIC after nasopharyngeal carcinoma treatment by treating clinicians.
Rhinology 61-1: 77-84, 2023
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