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Usefulness of bilateral mucoplasty plus reboot surgery in severe type-2 chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps

Volume: 60 - Issue: 5

First page: 368 - Last page: 376

R. Moreno-Luna - D.I. Martin-Jimenez - M.A. Callejón-Leblic - J. Gonzalez-Garcia - J.M. Maza-Solano - C. Porras-Gonzalez - A. Del Cuvillo-Bernal - S. Sanchez-Gomez

Background: Although extended endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) constitutes an alternative approach in patients with Chronic Rhinosinusitis with Nasal Polyps (CRSwNP), the surgical techniques proposed so far do not allow for an optimal control of the disease. This study introduces bilateral mucoplasty as a complementary technique to extended ESS such as reboot surgery, analyzing its benefits in healing and quality of life (QoL).
Methods: Patients diagnosed with severe Type-2 CRSwNP were selected for a prospective cohort study in two surgery groups: reboot surgery plus bilateral mucoplasty versus reboot surgery only. In the first group, an autologous endonasal mucosal graft from the nostril floor was placed bilaterally onto the ethmoidal roof. Endoscopic, radiological and QoL outcomes were compared before and one year after surgery between the two groups using Modified Lund Kennedy (LKM), Meltzer and Lund Mackay (LM) scores, and the Sino-Nasal Outcome Test 22 (SNOT-22).
Results: 64 patients with homogeneous baseline characteristics were included: 17 patients underwent a reboot surgery plus a bilateral mucoplasty and 47 a reboot surgery only. LKM, Meltzer and SNOT-22 scores showed significant differences before and after surgery in both groups, with higher improvement in the mucoplasty group. A greater mean improvement of 20.5 ± 6.4 points in SNOT-22 change was associated with bilateral mucoplasty.
Conclusion: Bilateral mucoplasty plus reboot surgery constitutes a useful surgical resource in Type-2 CRSwNP patients, showing improved endoscopic, radiological and QoL outcomes one year after surgery. Further studies are needed to determine their long-term benefits.

Rhinology 60-5: 368-376, 2022

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