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Disease control in chronic rhinosinusitis: a qualitative study of patient perspectives

Volume: 60 - Issue: 4

First page: 282 - Last page: 292

V. Walker - M. Trope - A.A. Tichavakunda - M.M. Speth - A.R. Sedaghat - K.M. Phillips

Background: The definition of disease control in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is an active area of study. However, investigations have not engaged CRS patients in how they think about disease control. This study seeks to understand the patient perspective on CRS disease control.
Methods: Qualitative phenomenological study using constant comparative methodology was applied. The research team conducted 10, one-on-one interviews with CRS patients ranging from 22 to 55 minutes in length. The content of the interview protocol was determined through iterative discussion amongst all authors. Two authors served as coders to identify recurrent themes. Themes were analyzed for meaning and conclusions were summarized.
Results: Three recurring themes determined from patients were that (1) use of the terminology “control” adequately represents this phenomenon, (2) components of control could be classified into four main themes relating to CRS symptomatology, exacerbation of comorbid disease, quality of life and acute exacerbations of CRS, and (3) when patients deem their CRS is uncontrolled they are more willing to escalate their treatment to include escalating their daily maintenance regimen, seeking otolaryngology referral, taking rescue medication or undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery.
Conclusions: CRS patients consider their daily symptoms, the severity and frequency of CRS exacerbations, impact on quality of life as well as exacerbation of comorbid disease when thinking about their disease control. Disease control is a goal of treatment for patients and uncontrolled disease motivates patients to seek further treatment. Physicians should explore all components of CRS control when considering disease status and need for further treatment.

Rhinology 60-4: 282-292, 2022

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