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Investigating the secondary care system burden of CRSwNP in sinus surgery patients with clinically relevant comorbidities using the HES database

Volume: 60 - Issue: 4

First page: 252 - Last page: 260

C. Hopkins - S. Conlon - S. Chavda - R. Hudson - R. Rout

Background: Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) is a chronic condition that can adversely affect quality of life for patients. There is no cure for CRSwNP, and patients may require intermittent systemic corticosteroids (SCS) and surgery in addition to intranasal treatment throughout their lifetime. This places a significant burden on the NHS which can be compounded by comorbid conditions such as asthma or NSAID-exacerbated respiratory disease (NERD). Patients with comorbidities are likely to experience higher rates of surgery and more secondary care visits. The aim of this study was to evaluate revision rates and the associated burden for patients with CRSwNP undergoing surgery and compare this to sub-cohorts of patients with comorbidities.
Materials and Methods: This study has utilised the Hospital Episodes Statistics (HES) database across a ten-year time period (April 2010 to March 2020) to investigate the NHS resource use attributable to CRSwNP for all patients with the condition who have undergone sinus surgery, and to examine the burden of clinically relevant sub-groups.
Results: Our results showed that 101,054 patients underwent at least one sinus surgery in relation to their nasal polyps, with Kaplan Meier survival analysis estimating that the 10-year probability of revision is between 71-90% for comorbid patients, and 51% for non-comorbid patients. Patients with a relevant comorbid condition in addition to their CRSwNP were up to 4.7 times more likely to undergo at least one revision surgery during the ten-year analytical time window when compared to patients without a comorbidity. Further to this, comorbid patients had a higher tariff associated with their CRSwNP care across the analytical time window and were therefore likely to be more costly to the healthcare system.
Conclusions: In conclusion, this study demonstrates that there is a high burden attached to CRSwNP-related sinus surgery and that comorbidities are a key driver of NHS resource use.

Rhinology 60-4: 252-260, 2022

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