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Olfaction after endoscopic surgery for sellar and parasellar disease: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis

Volume: 60 - Issue: 3

First page: 177 - Last page: 187

C.-C. Lee - C.-C. Huang - T.-J. Lee - Y.-C. Wang - Y.-T. Liu - T.-W. Chang - A.P.-H. Huang - C.-C. Chuang

Background: Whether endoscopic surgery for sellar/parasellar disease causes significant deficits in olfactory function remains unclear. We aimed to systematically review the olfactory outcomes in such settings based on the evidence up to date.
Methods: PubMed, EMBASE, and CENTRAL were searched through February 1, 2021. Included studies were limited to endoscopic surgery for sellar/parasellar disease with follow-up olfactory function measured by standardized olfactory testing methods or subjective assessment. The primary outcome was the change in olfactory function after surgery assessed by standardized olfactory testing methods. The secondary outcome was the change in subjective olfactory function. Random-effects model was used in obtaining combine effects. Study quality was assessed using the Newcastle–Ottawa scale. Sensitivity analysis was carried out using the leave-one-out approach, and publication bias was assessed using Egger’s test.
Results: The results show no significant difference in olfaction assessed by standardized olfactory testing methods at 1–3 months post-surgery (880 patients in 16 studies) or at 6–12 months post-surgery (1320 patients in 16 studies) compared to pre-surgery, whereas a significantly lower subjective olfaction at 3 months was observed. In addition, the lack of significant change in olfaction as assessed by standardized olfactory testing methods was observed regardless of whether patients were treated with or without the nasoseptal flap (NSF) harvesting. Heterogeneity and publication bias were observed, whereas sensitivity analysis showed the meta-analysis results are robust.
Conclusion: The findings of this updated systematic review and meta-analysis support the conclusion that endoscopic surgery for sellar and parasellar pathology may pose no greater risk of olfactory dysfunction. In addition, the current evidence does not support there is an increased risk of diminished olfaction among patients treated with NSF during surgery.

Rhinology 60-3: 177-187, 2022

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