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Long-term histopathological changes of the nasal mucosa after total laryngectomy: a prospective cohort study

Volume: 60 - Issue: 2

First page: 118 - Last page: 127

M.O. Tomoum - M.F. Abdelaziz - A. Younes - H. El-Afandi - M. Sheta - M.M. Elkelany - A. El-Naggar

Background: Changes in the nasal function following total laryngectomy resulted in histopathological alterations of the nasal mucosa. We aimed to evaluate the long-term histopathological changes and the mucociliary clearance (MCC) of the nasal mucosa after total laryngectomy.
Methods: We performed a histological examination of inferior turbinate biopsy, and saccharine test to assess the MCC time for patients who were candidates for total laryngectomy before the procedure, 6-12 months after surgery, and at least two years postoperatively.
Results: Seventy-five patients scheduled for total laryngectomy were initially enrolled in our study. We excluded patients who received postoperative radiotherapy or were lost during the follow-up period. Eventually, 63 and 54 patients were available for assessment 6-12 months after surgery and at least two years postoperatively, respectively. Except for ciliary and goblet cell destruction, which were significantly reduced 6-12 months postoperatively, there were no statistically significant differences in the histopathological findings of the nasal mucosa before surgery and 6-12 months postoperatively. After two years, the histopathological alterations of the nasal mucosa were statistically more evident than those before surgery and 6-12 months postoperatively; the most common histopathological findings were mononuclear cell infiltration and stromal fibrosis. The mean MCC time preoperatively was 12.56 minutes that statistically significantly decreased to 11.81 minutes 6-12 months after surgery; then, it significantly increased to 20.98 minutes at least two years postoperatively.
Conclusions: After total laryngectomy, the nasal mucosa showed histopathological alterations and early enhancement of the MCC, which was later impaired due to nasal mucosal atrophy and the saprophytic infection.

Rhinology 60-2: 118-127, 2022

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