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Intralymphatic immunotherapy for allergic rhinoconjunctivitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Volume: 59 - Issue: 3

First page: 236 - Last page: 244

M.P. Hoang - K. Seresirikachorn - W. Chitsuthipakorn - K. Snidvongs

BACKGROUND: Intralymphatic immunotherapy (ILIT) is a new route of allergen-specific immunotherapy. Data confirming its effect
is restricted to a small number of studies.
METHODOLOGY: A systematic review with meta-analysis was conducted. The short-term (less than 24 weeks), medium-term (24-52 weeks),
and long-term (more than 52 weeks) effects of ILIT in patients with allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (ARC) were assessed. The outcomes were combined symptom and medication scores (CSMS), symptoms visual analog scale (VAS), disease-specific quality of life (QOL), specific IgG4 level, specific IgE level, and adverse events.
RESULTS: Eleven randomized controlled trials and 2 cohorts (483 participants) were included. Compared with placebo, short term
benefits of ILIT for seasonal ARC improved CSMS, improved VAS and increased specific IgG4 level but did not change QOL or
specific IgE level. Medium-term effect improved VAS. Data on the long-term benefit of ILIT remain unavailable and require longer
term follow-up studies. There were no clinical benefits of ILIT for perennial ARC. ILIT was safe and well-tolerated.
CONCLUSION: ILIT showed short-term benefits for seasonal ARC. The sustained effects of ILIT were inconclusive. It was well tolerated.

Rhinology 59-3: 236-244, 2021

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