Volume: 56 - Issue: 3
First page: 216 - Last page: 226
B. Wei - F. Liu - J. Zhang - Y. Liu - J. Du - S. Liu - N. Zhang - C. Bachert - J. Meng
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) remains a challenging clinical problem due to its propensity for recurrence. However, data on the frequency of CRSwNP recurrence after surgery in China are rare.
METHODS: 78 CRSwNP patients undergoing functional endoscopic sinus surgery were followed-up for 8 years and classified into recurrent and non-recurrent groups. A cluster analysis of the CRSwNP based on inflammatory endotypes was performed, and the endotypes were secondarily matched with clinical phenotypes.
RESULTS: The recurrence rate of CRSwNP in Southwest China was 21.8% over 8 years post-surgery. The CRSwNP was classified into 4 clusters: cluster 1 (higher expression of IL-5, IgE, and ECP and high positivity rate for SE-IgE); cluster 2 (higher concentrations of IL-6, IL-8 and MPO); cluster 3 (higher concentrations of TNF-alpha; and IFN-gamma); and cluster 4 (higher expression of IL-17). Cluster 1 (type-2 inflammation) exhibited the highest recurrence rate, co-morbid asthma and atopy. Notably, the ECP/MPO ratio increased significantly in patients with non-type-2 recurrent CRSwNP 8 years after the first surgery.
CONCLUSION: Different inflammatory endotypes of CRSwNP exhibited clearly different prognoses. The type-2 subgroup had high recurrence and co-morbid asthma rates comparable to the rates reported in Western countries.
Rhinology 56-3: 216-226, 2018
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