Article # 2509
Journal Rhinology 58 - 4
Article Title Sinonasal outcome test-22 and peak nasal inspiratory flow –valuable tools in obstructive sleep apnoea
Abstract BACKGROUND: Sinonasal complaints contribute to low adherence to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment. We aimed to investigate sinonasal health in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) patients, using the sinonasal outcome test-22 (SNOT-22), and to analyse whether SNOT-22 is affected by CPAP adherence. We also aimed to investigate whether peak nasal inspiratory flow (PNIF) was able to predict adherence to CPAP.
METHODS: The study population comprised 197 OSA patients (60 females) initiating CPAP treatment. The SNOT-22, PNIF and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale were assessed at baseline and follow-up. One-night polygraphy, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, peak expiratory flow and health-related issues were assessed at baseline. At follow-up, the patients were categorised into adherent (more than 4 hours/night) and non-adherent (less than 4 hours/night) to CPAP treatment.
RESULTS: The average time for following up CPAP treatment was (mean plus or minus SD) 24.0 plus or minus 23.9 days and it did not differ significantly between the groups. The SNOT-22 score was elevated among all OSA patients, 36.1 plus or minus 19.4. There was a larger improvement in the SNOT-22 score at follow-up among adherent CPAP users compared with non-adherent users (-10.4 plus or minus 13.9 vs. -3.2 plus or minus 15.4). A PNIF value of less than 100 litres/min increased the risk of non-adherence to CPAP with an adjusted odds ratio (OR) of 2.40 ((95% CI 1.16-5.00)).
CONCLUSIONS: The SNOT-22 was elevated in patients with OSA, indicating a considerable sinonasal disease burden. The SNOT-22 improved with good CPAP adherence. A low PNIF value was able to predict poor CPAP adherence. Both the SNOT-22 and PNIF can be valuable tools in the evaluation of OSA patients and in the management of CPAP treatment.
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