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The sinonasal mycobiota in chronic rhinosinusitis and control patients

Volume: 57 - Issue: 3

Firstpage: 190 - Lastpage: 199

M. Hoggard - M. Zoing - K. Biswas - M.W. Taylor - R.G. Douglas

BACKGROUND: While bacterial associations with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) are increasingly well described, fewer studies have examined the fungal component of the sinonasal microbiota. Here we present a study of the sinonasal mycobiota in a cohort of 144 patients (106 patients with CRS and 38 controls).
METHODOLOGY: Fungal communities were characterised by analysis of mucosal swab samples of the left and right middle meatuses via ITS2 marker amplicon sequencing on the Illumina MiSeq platform. Fungal associations with previously published bacterial community and inflammatory cytokine and cell data for this cohort (collected at the same intra-operative time point) were also investigated.
RESULTS: Malassezia spp. were ubiquitous and often highly predominant. Season of sampling explained more of the variability in the data than any of the clinical parameters. The predominant Malassezia sp. was distinct in patients with cystic fibrosis compared to those without. However, distinctions in the mycobiota were not evident between any other patient groupings assessed, and few fungal-bacterial or fungal-inflammatory associations were observed.
CONCLUSIONS: This study confirms the prominent place of Malassezia spp. within the upper respiratory tract. Overall, few distinctions between patient groups were evident, and these data lend further support to the hypothesis that fungal community types may have no direct causative association with idiopathic CRS. Additional studies incorporating a broader array of inflammatory markers are required to assess whether these ubiquitous fungi nonetheless play an exacerbating role in some sensitive individuals.

M. Hoggard - M. Zoing - K. Biswas - M.W. Taylor - R.G. Douglas - The sinonasal mycobiota in chronic rhinosinusitis and control patients
Rhinology 57-3: 190-199, 2019