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Allergic rhinitis and associated factors in schoolchildren from Bogotá, Colombia

Volume: 50 - Issue: 2

Firstpage: 122 - Lastpage: 128

A. Peñaranda - G. Aristizabal - E. Garcia - C. Vasquez - C.E. Rodriguez-Martinez - C.L. Satizábal

BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis is one of the most frequent chronic diseases among children. The objective of the study was to assess the prevalence of and the factors associated with self-reported allergic rhinitis symptoms in schoolchildren from Bogotá, Colombia.
METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL: We followed the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) methodology. Our sample included 3,256 children aged 6 - 7 and 3,830 adolescents aged 13 - 14 years.
RESULTS: The prevalence of self-reported allergic rhinitis symptoms was 30.8% among children and 36.6% among adoles- cents. Factors associated with self-reported allergic rhinitis among children included current asthma and atopic dermatitis symptoms; use of acetaminophen in the first year of life and in the last 12 months; antibiotic use in the first year of life; high- school and university maternal education; smokers at home; and caesarean delivery. Among adolescents, associated factors included current asthma and atopic dermatitis symptoms; current acetaminophen use once per month; frequent fast-food consumption; cat exposure at home; and smoking.
CONCLUSION: Further exploration of factors associated with allergic rhinitis symptoms is needed.

A. Peñaranda - G. Aristizabal - E. Garcia - C. Vasquez - C.E. Rodriguez-Martinez - C.L. Satizábal - Allergic rhinitis and associated factors in schoolchildren from Bogotá, Colombia
Rhinology 50-2: 122-128, 2012